Punishment is an ineffective means, relatively; to produce any permanent change in behavior.Punishment has suppressible effect on behavior. It gives stress to any one both physically and mentally. When it is removed, the former response to which the punishment was given is recovered in early stages of life. In the case of people with low moral standards, it produces a loss of personal spontaneity and flexibility.Therefore; it teaches an undesirable way of attempting to change unacceptable behavior.
Objections to the use of punishment: Punishment is a planned attempt to influence the behavior of children for their own benefit rather than an effort to expose them to an unpleasant experience.
Objections to punishment relieve stress:
- Moral objections: Punishments connotes inhuman treatment. Punishment forces the person to something against his will. To avoid lifelong maladjustment; a brief painful experience may change the direction of their limited view.
- Scientific objections: Punishment does not have long-term effect over the person. It does not eliminate a maladaptive response but only suppresses for a short time.Example: A student may have been scolded fro not being prompt several times but he engages in the same behavior after a short while.
- Stress due to lack of direction: Punishment simply serves as a signal to stop inappropriate behavior. It creates fear a negative emotion that causes stress. It is not a healthy emotion. It looses its effectiveness if the child is no longer afraid or is willing to face the consequences.
- Undesirable conduct: Punishments are likely to reinforce the undesirable conduct by overemphasis. Another may laugh off punishments that are considered severe by one pupil. Some others may deliberately provoke punishment for the compensation of being in the spotlight.
- Unpleasant feelings: It may generate ill will towards teacher society, parents and family. There is no reliable measure of severity in punishment. They create unpleasant feelings that are negative and associated with failure. Constant failures and mental depression gives immense stress to the children.
- Undesirable act: Telling the children what not to do is unfortunate because, it suggests, emphasizes and keeps warmth the undesirable act. The idea takes the form of compulsion and the act becomes inevitable. It emphasizes the error that tends to stamp in. In teaching spelling, it is better that the misspelled words are not shown to the pupil. The tendency is to repeat the mistake.
- Development of avoidance behavior:The side effect that cause stress is when the punishment is the development do avoidance behaviors like lying,cheating,truancy.Once these escape behaviors become established, it is difficult to eliminate them.
- Over generalization: Harsh punishments make the student to turn into a less flexible person in one’s adjustments due to over generalization. Punishment sets a bad example.
- Timing of punishment: Timing plays an important role in determining the effectiveness of punishment.Children who are punished early in a given sequence of misbehavior develop greater resistance to temptations than those who are punished only after completion of the misdeeds.
- Punishment for self-direction: Punishment should be used to foster self-direction. The use of misbehavior contracts is helpful because it promotes self-direction by having the student assume responsibility for his own misbehavior."we CHILDREN are meant to be loved. Teach us the way to obey our elders and share our affection to our friends by caring methods to discipline ourselves."[Inner voice of every innocent child]-Hazel Shirley -